Joint physical custody in Sweden

Each year approximately 50,000 children experience parental separation in Sweden. After parental separation, the mother usually has physical custody of the child, that is, where the child resides; however, during the last twenty years joint physical custody (JPC) or shared residential care has increased. JPC refers to the practice where a child lives similarly between their parents’ homes. In the mid-1980s around two percent of children with divorced parents lived in two homes in Sweden; by 2010 between 30-40 % of children with separated parents were in JPC. Moreover, JPC has increased in the youngest age groups and the share of children aged 0-5 living in JPC was 27% in 2010 (SOU, 2011).

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For further information, please contact:

malin.bergstrom@ki.se or emma.fransson@ki.se.

 

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Publications:

Bergström, M., Fransson, E., Fabian, H., Hjern, A., Sarkadi, A., & Salari, R. (2017). Pre-school children living in joint physical custody arrangements show less psychological symptoms than those living mostly or only with one parent. Acta Paediatrica. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/apa.14004/epdf

Låftman, S. B., Fransson, E., Modin, B. & Östberg, V. (2017). National data study showed that adolescents living in poorer households and with one parent were more likely to be bullied. Acta Paediatrica. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/apa.13997/epdf

Turunen, J., Fransson, E. & Bergström, M. (2017). Self-esteem in children in joint physical custody and other living arrangements. Public health. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0033350617301464

Fransson, E., Låftman, S. B., Östberg, V., Hjern, A., & Bergström, M. (2017). The Living Conditions of Children with Shared Residence – the Swedish Example. Child Indicators Research. doi: 10.1007/s12187-017-9443-1. 
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12187-017-9443-1/fulltext.html

Fransson, E., Sarkadi, A., Hjern, A., & Bergström, M. (2016). Why should they live more with one of us when they are children to us both?: Parents' motives for practicing equal joint physical custody for children aged 0–4. Children and Youth Services Review, 66, 154-160. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2016.05.011 
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0190740916301554

Fransson, E., Bergström, M. & Hjern, A. (2015). Barn i växelvis boende – en forskningsöversikt. Rapport från CHESS, Stockholms universitet.

Fransson, E., Turunen, J., Hjern, A., Östberg, V., & Bergström, M. (2015). Psychological complaints among children in joint physical custody and other family types: Considering parental factors. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. doi: 10.1177/1403494815614463. Link: http://sjp.sagepub.com/content/early/2015/11/04/1403494815614463.full.pdf+html

Bergström, M., E. Fransson, B. Modin, M. Berlin, P. A. Gustafsson and A. Hjern (2015). "Fifty moves a year: is there an association between joint physical custody and psychosomatic problems in children?" Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. Link: http://jech.bmj.com/content/early/2015/04/09/jech-2014-205058.full.pdf+html

Fransson, E., Folkesson, L., Bergström, M., Östberg, V., & Lindfors, P. (2014). Exploring salivary cortisol and recurrent pain in mid-adolescents living in two homes. BMC Psychology, 2(1), 46. Link: http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/s40359-014-0046-z.pdf

Bergström, M., Fransson, E., Hjern, A., Köhler, L., & Wallby, T. (2014). Mental health in Swedish children living in joint physical custody and their parents' life satisfaction: A cross‐sectional study. Scandinavian journal of psychology, 55(5), 433-439. Link: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/sjop.12148/pdf

Bergström et al.: Living in two homes-a Swedish national survey of wellbeing in 12 and 15 year olds with joint physical custody.BMC Public Health201313:868
Full paper

International media on Elvis studies:

https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2016/jan/24/sharing-custody-childrens-mental-health-divorce-separation

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-3402583/Couples-stay-sake-children-not-doing-best-thing-youngsters-mental-health.html

http://www.healthcanal.com/child-health/69958-children-in-joint-physical-care-have-better-health-than-children-living-with-one-parent.html

http://www.cbc.ca/news/health/children-of-divorce-may-not-face-added-stress-from-joint-custody-1.3063448