Joint physical custody in Sweden

Each year approximately 50,000 children experience parental separation in Sweden. After parental separation, the mother usually has physical custody of the child, that is, where the child resides; however, during the last twenty years joint physical custody (JPC) or shared residential care has increased. JPC refers to the practice where a child lives similarly between their parents’ homes. In the mid-1980s around two percent of children with divorced parents lived in two homes in Sweden; by 2010 between 30-40 % of children with separated parents were in JPC. Moreover, JPC has increased in the youngest age groups and the share of children aged 0-5 living in JPC was 27% in 2010 (SOU, 2011).

The project

For further information, please contact: or



Elvis on Facebook: Elvis Projektet


Bergström, M., Fransson, E., Fabian, H., Hjern, A., Sarkadi, A., & Salari, R. (2017). Pre-school children living in joint physical custody arrangements show less psychological symptoms than those living mostly or only with one parent. Acta Paediatrica.

Låftman, S. B., Fransson, E., Modin, B. & Östberg, V. (2017). National data study showed that adolescents living in poorer households and with one parent were more likely to be bullied. Acta Paediatrica.

Turunen, J., Fransson, E. & Bergström, M. (2017). Self-esteem in children in joint physical custody and other living arrangements. Public health.

Fransson, E., Låftman, S. B., Östberg, V., Hjern, A., & Bergström, M. (2017). The Living Conditions of Children with Shared Residence – the Swedish Example. Child Indicators Research. doi: 10.1007/s12187-017-9443-1.

Fransson, E., Sarkadi, A., Hjern, A., & Bergström, M. (2016). Why should they live more with one of us when they are children to us both?: Parents' motives for practicing equal joint physical custody for children aged 0–4. Children and Youth Services Review, 66, 154-160. doi:

Fransson, E., Bergström, M. & Hjern, A. (2015). Barn i växelvis boende – en forskningsöversikt. Rapport från CHESS, Stockholms universitet.

Fransson, E., Turunen, J., Hjern, A., Östberg, V., & Bergström, M. (2015). Psychological complaints among children in joint physical custody and other family types: Considering parental factors. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. doi: 10.1177/1403494815614463. Link:

Bergström, M., E. Fransson, B. Modin, M. Berlin, P. A. Gustafsson and A. Hjern (2015). "Fifty moves a year: is there an association between joint physical custody and psychosomatic problems in children?" Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. Link:

Fransson, E., Folkesson, L., Bergström, M., Östberg, V., & Lindfors, P. (2014). Exploring salivary cortisol and recurrent pain in mid-adolescents living in two homes. BMC Psychology, 2(1), 46. Link:

Bergström, M., Fransson, E., Hjern, A., Köhler, L., & Wallby, T. (2014). Mental health in Swedish children living in joint physical custody and their parents' life satisfaction: A cross‐sectional study. Scandinavian journal of psychology, 55(5), 433-439. Link:

Bergström et al.: Living in two homes-a Swedish national survey of wellbeing in 12 and 15 year olds with joint physical custody.BMC Public Health201313:868
Full paper

International media on Elvis studies: